Grain amaranths grow slowly during the first several weeks after planting, so three or four cultivations may be needed during this period to control weeds.
Once the amaranth plant is about a foot tall, it begins to grow rapidly and is very competitive with weeds. Two species of weeds which are especially competitive with amaranth are lambsquarter and pigweed. Fields with high populations of these weeds should not be used for amaranth production.
Since grain amaranth seeds do not undergo dormancy, and because plant growth is not vigorous early in the season, it is unlikely that grain amaranth will be a weed problem in succeeding crops.
Researchers and growers have observed little in the way of major disease problems. Further problems may develop as the acreage of amaranth increases. Damping-off of young seedlings can be a problem under some conditions, caused by Pythim and Rhizoctonia and stem canker, caused by Phorma or Rhizoctonia. Tarnished plant bug, flea beetle, and amaranth weevil, are potentially significant insect pests of amaranth.
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The insect most likely to affect yields is the tarnished plant bug, Lygus , a sucking insect which often reaches high populations in the seed head during the critical seed fill stage. Flea beetles damage young leaf tissue. The adult amaranth weevil feeds on leaves, but the larval stage is more damaging because they bore into the central tissue of roots and occasionally stems, causing rotting and potentially lodging. It is currently unknown whether our insect control measures are cost-effective, but significant loss of yield and quality due to Lygus damage has been observed. Harvest is the most critical stage in grain amaranth production.
Without careful harvest techniques, it is possible to lose or damage the majority of the seed. A killing frost must occur before harvest followed by a week of good drying weather there are no approved desiccants for amaranth. If the stems and leaves are too wet, the seeds become sticky and adhere to the inside of the combine as well as the straw discharge. Shattering during the cutting process can also cause losses, so adjustments should be made to minimize shattering of the heads. When reel heads are used it may be helpful to remove several reel bats or raise the height of the reel.
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Row headers perform better than reel heads for combining amaranth. High cylinder speed can damage grain and reduce germination and popping volume. Conventional combines can be used if fitted with appropriately-sized separator screens. Grain handling and storage plans should be developed before harvest begins.
It is important to clean the grain to remove plant and foreign material which will increase the chance of molding. A gravity table can be used to separate particles of the same size but of different weight, such as the dark pigweed seeds. Small amounts of grain can be dried by blowing air across the amaranth; heated air may be necessary at certain times. The optimum way to store the grain after cleaning and drying is in wooden storage bins or in heavy duty 4 or 5 ply paper bags.
University studies at Rosemount, Minnesota showed average test weight of 63 pounds per bushel. Perhaps the greatest problem facing the development of amaranth as a crop is finding markets. The crop has only been grown commercially during the 's, and the markets are. The primary market for amaranth is the food industry, where it is used in products.
A farmer entering the market with grain from several hundred acres of amaranth could cause a surplus and drastically lower prices. For this reason amaranth should be grown only after identifying a market for the crop, and preferably after arranging a contract with a buyer. Farmers have marketed their crop in a number of ways.
Seeds > Amaranth
Some sell small bags of the whole grain or flour mail-order to consumers. Many of these purchasers are allergic to wheat products. Sheth , R. The grain also contains high amounts of thiamine B1 , necessary for nervous system function. And it's a great source of riboflavin B2 , which is crucial for producing energy in your body.
What's more, Angelone says amaranth has anti-inflammatory properties, and has been shown to lower cholesterol. Is there anything this grain can't do? While amaranth and quinoa share some similarities, there are a few key differences, says Sheth. For starters, while both grains cook pretty quickly, amaranth has a more distinct earthy flavor when cooked "as the seeds release an intense grassy aroma.
And they differ in a few nutritional categories, too. In 1 cup grams of cooked amaranth , you will find approximately:. On the other hand, 1 cup grams of cooked quinoa contains approximately:.
Amaranth — Grains — Cooking — akisagesuh.tk
Angelone says amaranth should be rinsed before cooking in order to eliminate saponin, a naturally occurring phytochemical that gives the unwashed grain a bitter taste. According to the World Grains Council, amaranth is also the only grain documented to contain Vitamin C. Amaranth flour can be used in pancakes, biscuits and pastas. Amaranth Leaves Amaranth leaves are harvested by hand and are best eaten fresh - the same day. It can also be boiled in salted water like spinach and served with a sauce of tomatoes and onion or potatoes and onion.
What Is Amaranth And Is It Healthier Than Quinoa?
The fresh leaves can be added to salads or sauteed and added to other cooked vegetables such as broccoli and onions. Amaranth tea 1 cup of boiling water on a quarter cup of fresh leaves may treat anaemia, chronic fatigue, diarrhoea as well as coughs and heavy menstrual bleeding. Using a cooled tea as a lotion can relieve itchy burning skin and can be used to clean wounds. Micronutrients in amaranth include carotene, vitamins A, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and calcium.